॥ શ્રી સ્વામિનારાયણો વિજયતે ॥


Spiritual Discourses

by Bhagwan Swaminarayan


How the Jiva Attains Liberation

On Posh sudi 11, Samvat 1882 [19 January 1826], Swāmi Shri Sahajānandji Mahārāj was sitting on a cushion with a cylindrical pillow which had been placed on a wooden cot under the neem tree in the campus of the mandir of Shri Lakshminārāyan in Vartāl. He was dressed entirely in white clothes. At that time, an assembly of munis as well as devotees from various places had gathered before Him.

Thereupon, Bhagubhai Pātidār of the village Bhādran arrived in the assembly. He then asked Shriji Mahārāj a question, “Mahārāj, how can the jiva attain liberation?”

Shriji Mahārāj said, “God assumes an avatār on this earth in one of two forms - either in the form of a king or in the form of a sādhu. When He assumes an avatār upon the earth as a king, He possesses the 39 characteristics of a king, and when He assumes an avatār upon the earth in the form of a sādhu, He possesses the 30 characteristics of a sādhu.

“When God appears in the form of a king, He is adept in the 64 arts and skills;1 the four methods of ruling - reconciling with one’s enemies, suppressing one’s enemies, instigating divisions within one’s enemies and punishing one’s enemies - as well as the nine types of sentiments,2 such amorousness, etc. However, when God appears in the form of a sādhu, he does not have these characteristics. When God is in the form of a king, then in times of calamity He may even take to hunting to survive. He may punish thieves by strangling them, and He may also keep many women in His household. But in the form of a sādhu, God strictly follows a non-violent lifestyle; in fact, He would not even pluck a blade of green grass. Also, He would not touch even wooden statues of women or paintings of women. Thus, the behavior of God in the form of a sādhu is not the same as that of God in the form of a king.

“The 39 characteristics of God’s avatārs in the form of a king - such as Shri Krishna, etc. - are listed in the first canto of the Shrimad Bhāgwat through the dialogue between Pruthvi and Dharma. The 30 characteristics of God’s avatārs in the form of a sādhu - such as Dattātreya, Kapil, etc. - are listed in the 11th canto through the dialogue between Shri Krishna Bhagwān and Uddhav.

“Thus, one who aspires for liberation should recognize God through these characteristics and seek refuge of that God. One should have complete faith in Him. One should perform His bhakti while remaining within the framework of his injunctions. This is the only means of attaining liberation.

“However, when God is not manifest on this earth, one should seek the refuge of the Sant who has the realization of God - because the jiva can also attain liberation through him. When even such a Sant is not present, one should keep firm faith in God’s murti and perform bhakti while observing swadharma - because doing so can also grant liberation to the jiva.”

Vachanamrut ॥ 10 ॥ 210 ॥

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This Vachanamrut took place ago.


1. The 64 types of arts and skills were a classical curriculum of sciences, arts, and skills of cultured living that a member of a royal household would be expected to know. They include: singing; magic and illusions; skills of cooking, eating and drinking; drama and story-telling; gems and mining; knowledge of foreign languages and dialects; impersonation; and knowledge of dhārmic warfare and victory, among others. Through these arts and skills, God, when incarnated as a king, would have the behaviour and appearance no different from a king.

2. The nine types of sentiments are different dramatic moods meant to produce their respective emotional effects: (1) shrungār - amorous, (2) hāsya - humourous, (3) kārun - melancholy, (4) vir - heroic, (5) raudra - fierce, (6) bhayānak - horrific, (7) bibhatsa - vulgar, (8) adbhut - wondrous, (9) shānt - tranquil.

Prakaran Gadhada I (78) Sarangpur (18) Kariyani (12) Loya (18) Panchala (7) Gadhada II (67) Vartal (20) Amdavad (3) Gadhada III (39) Bhugol-Khagol Additional (11) Additional Info Vachanamrut Study People in the Vachanamrut Vachanamrut Introduction Vachanamrut Principles Vachanamrut Preface Pramukh Swami Maharaj’s Blessings Vachanamrut Calendar Paratharo 4: Auspicious Marks Paratharo 5: Daily Routine Appendices

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