॥ શ્રી સ્વામિનારાયણો વિજયતે ॥

ભગવાન સ્વામિનારાયણનાં

॥ વચનામૃત ॥

Gadhada I-69

The Dharma of a Wicked Person and a Sadhu

On Chaitra sudi 12, Samvat 1876 [26 March 1820], Swāmi Shri Sahajānandji Mahārāj was sitting on a large, decorated cot on the veranda outside the west-facing rooms in front of the mandir of Shri Vāsudevnārāyan in Dādā Khāchar’s darbār in Gadhadā. He was dressed entirely in white clothes. At that time, an assembly of munis as well as devotees from various places had gathered before Him.

Following the evening ārti of Shri Vāsudevnārāyan and the chanting of the ‘Nārāyan’ dhunya, Shriji Mahārāj asked the munis, “What exactly is dharma? Please base your reply on the scriptures. The question arises because even the kings of the past who indulged in violence did not harm those who took their refuge, nor did they allow others to harm them. So, is the sin committed by killing others considered the same as the sin of killing a person who has sought one’s refuge?”

The munis attempted to reply according to their own understanding, but due to queries raised by Shriji Mahārāj, no one was able to offer a satisfactory answer. All of the munis then said, “Mahārāj, we would like to put the same question to You. Because, violence performed on animals as part of a sacrifice or some other ritual is considered to be dharma; but non-violence is also considered to be dharma. Please clarify this.”

Thereupon Shriji Mahārāj explained, “Dharma involving violence is for the attainment of dharma, arth and kām. Moreover, that dharma which permits violence is, in fact, for the purpose of limiting violence. Non-violence, on the other hand, is for the attainment of liberation - which is the dharma of a sādhu. Dharma involving violence is for fulfilling worldly desires, but it is not for the attainment of liberation. Non-violence, however, is solely for the purpose of attaining liberation.

“Therefore, for both householders and renunciants, only non-violence has been cited for the attainment of liberation. For example, King Uparicharvasu ruled over a kingdom and still followed a non-violent lifestyle. Therefore, a sādhu should not bear malice to anyone by thought, word or deed. Neither should he harbour any form of arrogance, but instead, he should behave as a servant of servants with all.

“In comparison, having a hostile personality is the dharma of a wicked person, and behaving in a calm manner is the dharma of a sādhu. Someone may then ask, ‘How is it possible to maintain the virtues of a sādhu while trying to make thousands of people conform to their niyams?’ Well, the reply to that question is that King Yudhishthir reigned over a kingdom stretching for thousands of miles, yet he managed to maintain the virtues of a sādhu. Conversely, there may be thousands like Bhimsen who intimidate others and are unable to change their ways despite being reprimanded. In fact, there is no shortage of people with such an arrogant nature; there are countless such people. To be a sādhu, though, is indeed very difficult.”

Vachanamrut ॥ 69 ॥

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